What is a citation?
When writing a paper or conducting research, authors often refer to existing scholarship. If an author utilizes the ideas or words of another, he or she must adequately attribute that information through textual citations.
Style manuals outline how and when to cite specific sources. Popular style manuals include: The Chicago Manual of Style, the Modern Language Association Handbook, and the American Psychological Association Style among others.
Some disciplines prefer certain citation styles. Check with your professors or others in your field to see which style is appropriate.
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